Another Tub-to-Shower Conversion

This project was for a property investor who wanted  to turn a very ‘blah’ south Austin house with 1980s builder-grade fixtures into a bulletproof low-maintenance affordable rental with long-term renter appeal to minimize turnover. They wanted to help long-term appeal with a custom master bath upgrade, but also ensure low-maintenance payback by not skimping on the tile shower waterproofing install.

The original very dated tub/shower fiberglass insert was already likely leaking around the drain, and therefore needed to be replaced anyway to achieve either goal:

The Challenge

Changing a tub to a shower is easy if you’ve got easy access to the drain plumbing (like on a second floor bathroom or on a pier-and-beam foundation with 18-in or more of crawlspace clearance). Converting a bathtub drain to a shower on a concrete slab foundation is more difficult, because the main drain plumbing is literally buried in the ground.

But, at least it’s usually not buried in concrete, since tub drain plumbing is almost always “boxed” when the foundation slab is poured. When house slab foundations are poured, there are ~8×20-in box holes intentionally left to make any future bathtub re-plumbing possible.

Here is an example:

E41A1022

But this still doesn’t make converting a tub to a shower on slab a slam-dunk easy process. Tub drains are one and a half inches in diameter, but modern showers use two inch drains. So, retrofitting a tub with a custom tile shower on slab will require digging down below the original tub plumbing trap to get at the main 2-in drain. Sometimes the tub drain slab box hole is large enough that you can easily dig down to a splice point in the main drain line and plumb a new 2-in drain trap for the shower install without expanding the slab hole. Most of the time, though, it isn’t.

Step ONE: Demo (and Jackhammer)

Unfortunately, you can’t know how extensive the drain plumbing work has to be before ripping out the existing tub (or tub/shower inert) to look at the concrete slab underneath. For this particular project, demo looked like this (with the wall open, you can see the backside of another fiberglass tub/shower insert in the second bathroom):

And yep, one of those pics features a small jackhammer — turned out to be yet another case of not getting lucky. This is why converting a tub to shower on slab is generally pretty expensive. It’s almost always a dusty messy pain to accomplish, and no one likes running a jackhammer in a closed 5×8 room.

demo3

Step TWO: New Drain Plumbing

Once the foundation hole around the waste plumbing was widened and the main 2-in drain pipe dug out, the actual shower drain re-plumbing was straightforward. Since my shower floor installs use Kerdi fabric for waterproofing, this meant just ensuring that the Kerdi drain was at an ideal 3/4 to 1-in height off the slab when at level. The easiest way to ensure that is to use a flexible rubber no-hub coupling to connect the new fittings with the legacy drain line. This gives a bit of literal flexibility while at the same time conforming to building codes specifying unshielded rubber couplings for below-ground waste pipe connections:replumbing

Once the new drain piping and coupling is in place, the foundation hole needs to be backfilled with a combination of sand, packed gravel, and new concrete mix. Don’t skimp on this step for a true trouble-free custom shower conversion, since you’ll need a literal firm foundation for the new shower floor.

Step THREE: Reframing the Walls

You’ll also need to do some creative wall re-framing if you’re planning on adding a wall niche to your new shower install. Also, old leaky tub surrounds usually cause dryrot damage to the existing wall framing anyway. The bottom line? Plan to do some carpentry anytime you open up a wall!

We got lucky on this project. Although having another fiberglass tub surround back-to-back in a shared wall made framing the wall niche a little complicated, at least there wasn’t any significant dryrot damage to fix.

reframing

Step FOUR: Backerboard and Waterproofing

Once the reframing is done, you’ll need to install concrete backerboard for the walls and a custom-sloped concrete shower base.

backerboard in

And the final tile prep step is waterproofing. Since my shower installs use a continuous waterproofing barrier directly underneath the tile and grout, this means Kerdi fabric for the shower floor and curb and RedGard for the shower walls.

Although it might not look pretty, this combination of waterproofing materials makes for a completely watertight shower from floor to showerhead. As you can see from the flood test (filling the shower floor full of water and letting it sit to check for leaks), Kerdi fabric performs fantastically:

flood test

Step FIVE: Tile and Grout Install!

This client decided to use large-format ceramic tile in an offset subway-style pattern, which is a pretty common choice. However, the client wanted a vertical rather than horizontal subway pattern. This required a few tricks for getting the tile install just right, as you can see from the in-process pics:

The floor tile went in before the bottom course of wall tile to ensure a seamless finished look. The hexagonal marble mosaic floor tile really complimented the shower’s contemporary wall tile color and style.

floor tile install

TIPS and TRICKS!

Here’s a pro tip for installing mosaic tile mats for shower floors or even on walls — use a really thin layer of thinset. Seriously, a well-spread thinset layer laid with a really small-notch trowel like this one is all you need to ensure that the tile is well adhered:

mosaic mat trowel

If your thinset layer is nice and thin, then you’ll be able to push the mosaic tile mats firmly to the floor (or wall) surface for a nice flush install without the thinset squeezing completely through the tile joints:

mosaic closeup

You’ll get firmly-adhered tile without having to spend tedious hours picking dried thinset out of the tile joints before grouting.

Speaking of, this is what the tile install looked like just before grouting:

Since the ceramic wall tile couldn’t have exposed outer edges (which would show the fired clay layer underneath the ceramic surface coating), this install needed edge trim. The client chose to use metal edge trimming rather than bullnose tile, which accentuated the clean contemporary look they wanted. Also, it was a cost saver. Metal edge trimming is almost always cheaper than 40 linear feet of bullnose tile.

Grouting was a messy all-day process, as it always is:

grouting

FINISH Step: Glass Install and “Miller Time”!

The shower was now almost ready for use — and definitely better looking than the old, scratched, and leaky fiberglass tub surround it replaced:

The last step was glass install. Instead of custom frameless glass, the client chose to go with a shower glass enclosure kit. This cut the material cost in half (since an off-the shelf shower glass kit is always way cheaper than custom-cut glass made to order). Also, a kit can usually be installed by anyone who’s careful and has basic handyman skills.

The most annoying part of installing any shower glass enclosure kit is the need to drill through tile for screw holes. But drilling through tile isn’t very difficult, especially if it’s ceramic tile. It just takes the right bits and a good drill, and a little bit of patience.

Once the sliding glass shower door enclosure was installed, the final custom shower finish looked like this:

A real improvement over the original!